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This chapter describes the basic graphics functions available to Amiga
programmers.  It covers the graphics support structures, display routines
and drawing routines.  Many of the operations described in this section
are also performed by the Intuition software.  See the Intuition chapters
for more information.

The Amiga supports several basic types of graphics routines: display
routines, drawing routines, sprites and animation.  These routines are
very versatile and allow you to define any combination of drawing and
display areas you may wish to use.

The first section of this chapter defines the display routines.  These
routines show you how to form and manipulate a display, including the
following aspects of display use:

  * How to query the graphics system to find out what type of video
    monitor is attached and which graphics modes can be displayed on

  * How to identify the memory area that you wish to have displayed.

  * How to position the display area window to show only a certain
    portion of a larger drawing area.

  * How to split the screen into as many vertically stacked slices
    as you wish.

  * How to determine which horizontal and vertical resolution modes
    to use.

  * How to determine the current correct number of pixels across and
    lines down for a particular section of the display.

  * How to specify how many color choices per pixel are to be
    available in a specific section of the display.

The later sections of the chapter explain all of the available modes of
drawing supported by the system software, including how to do the

  * Reserve memory space for use by the drawing routines.

  * Define the colors that can be drawn into a drawing area.

  * Define the colors of the drawing pens (foreground pen,
    background pen for patterns, and outline pen for area-fill

  * Define the pen position in the drawing area.

  * Drawing primitives; lines, rectangles, circles and ellipses.

  * Define vertex points for area-filling, and specify the area-fill
    color and pattern.

  * Define a pattern for patterned line drawing.

  * Change drawing modes.

  * Read or write individual pixels in a drawing area.

  * Copy rectangular blocks of drawing area data from one drawing
    area to another.

  * Use a template (predefined shape) to draw an object into a
    drawing area.

 Components of a Display 
 Introduction To Raster Displays 
 Interlaced and Non-Interlaced Modes 
 Low, High and Super-High Resolution Modes 
 About ECS 
 Forming an Image 
 Role of the Copper (Coprocessor)